Yellowhammer grows to 15 – 18 cm long and breeds on farmland , bushy areas, on the edge of woodland, in glades and open pastures and in coastal areas. These are mainly residential birds, and forms small flocks in winter. The male yellowhammer has a bright yellow head with a streaked brown back, chestnut rump and yellow speckled tan dashed breast. They breed in April and May, with the female building a lined cup shaped nest in a concealed location on or very close to the ground. They lay 3 – 5 eggs with a patterned mesh of fine dark lines. The female incubates the eggs for 12 – 14 days, and the downy chicks fledge 12 – 14 days later. Both adults feed the chick in the nest and will raise two or three broods each year. Their food source is mainly seeds but will feed on invertebrates in the breeding season.